About the Questions
The following sample questions provide a preview of some of the question types that will appear on the NextGen bar exam, which will launch in July 2026. Additional samples will be released throughout 2023 and 2024. Sign up here to be notified of future releases.
For information on the three-year study of the bar exam on which the NextGen bar exam is based, please see the Final Report of the Testing Task Force.
Eight Foundational Concepts and Principles will be tested on every administration of the NextGen bar exam. These are Civil Procedure, Contract Law, Evidence, Torts, Business Associations, Constitutional Law, Criminal Law, and Real Property. In addition, select American Bar Association Model Rules of Professional Conduct will be tested.
Throughout the exam, seven Foundational Skills, organized into four broad skills areas, will be assessed:
- Issue spotting and analysis, investigation and evaluation
- Client counseling and advising, negotiation and dispute resolution, client relationship and management
- Legal research
- Legal writing and drafting
For outlines of testable legal doctrine and skills, please see the NextGen Bar Exam Content Scope.
The NextGen bar exam will feature three broad categories of question types:
Multiple-Choice Questions: Almost half the exam time will be devoted to stand-alone multiple-choice questions with between four and six answer options and one or more correct answers. Initially, many of these questions will closely resemble Multistate Bar Examination (MBE) questions; this will ensure stability between scores for the current and NextGen bar exams. In future administrations, the variety of multiple-choice question types will increase. Note that some multiple-choice questions may also appear in the integrated question sets and longer writing tasks, which are described below. Sample Multiple-Choice Questions
Integrated Question Sets: Just under one-third of the exam time will be devoted to integrated question sets. Each of these sets is based on a common fact scenario and may include some legal resources (e.g., excerpts of statutes or judicial opinions) and/or supplemental documents (e.g., a police report or excerpt from a deposition) and include a mixture of multiple-choice and short-answer questions. In addition to testing doctrinal law, some integrated question sets will be focused on drafting or editing a legal document; other sets will be focused on counseling and/or dispute resolution. Sample Integrated Question Set
Longer Writing Tasks: Approximately a quarter of the exam time will be devoted to two longer writing tasks. These tasks, like current Multistate Performance Test (MPT) questions, will require examinees to demonstrate their ability to use fundamental lawyering skills in realistic situations, completing tasks that a beginning lawyer should be able to accomplish. These tasks may feature areas of doctrinal law, with accompanying legal resources, not included in the Foundational Concepts and Principles. These areas of doctrinal law might include, for example, Family Law, Trusts and Estates, or Administrative Law. One of the two longer writing tasks will include several multiple-choice questions and short constructed response questions focused on research skills, followed by a longer writing assignment. Samples of these question types are not yet ready for release. To review examples of MPTs as currently used, on which these tasks are modeled, see:
- February 2018 – persuasive brief, memorandum
- July 2017 – persuasive brief, memorandum
- February 2017 – memorandum, proposed Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law
- July 2016 – memorandum, persuasive brief
- February 2016 – memorandum, demand letter and memorandum
- July 2015 – opinion letter, client letter
- February 2015 – memorandum, persuasive letter